Objectives: 1. To replicate previous findings of PIB in this population. 2. To determine whether child depression and parent self-efficacy influence PIB.
Methods: Fifteen youth (11 – 22 years) with ASDs completed reports of their social skills (Social Skills Rating System – Child [SSRS-C]; Gresham & Elliott, 1990), and depression (Child Depression Inventory [CDI]; Kovacs, 1992), and their parents completed reports of child social skills (SSRS-Parent) and their own self-efficacy (Parental Self Efficacy Scale [PSES]; Bandura et al., 2001). PIB was calculated using standard score discrepancies between child and parent report SSRS.
Results: Preliminary analyses revealed that CDI and PSES were not significantly correlated (r = -.35, p = .17). Matched-sample t-tests revealed significantly higher child than parent report on the SSRS (t =2.67, p = .02), indicating the presence of PIB. We conducted a multiple regression analysis, showing that higher CDI (β = -.62; p = .01) and PSES (β = -.64, p = .01) scores independently predicted lower PIB when entered together as predictors on the same step; no interaction effect was found (p = .50).
Conclusions: In sum, PIB was found among adolescents with ASDs, though it was relatively lower for adolescents with higher levels of self-reported depression and parent-reported self-efficacy. These results suggest that adolescents with ASDs who have low levels of depression and parental self-efficacy may be especially likely to overestimate their social competence. Moreover, increases in adolescent depression and parental self-efficacy only predicted PIB when considered simultaneously, suggesting that they both contribute to the presentation of PIB. Given that PIB may impede children’s receptivity to social skills treatment (Mikami, Calhoun, & Abikoff, in press), results suggest that higher levels of parental self-efficacy may reduce that impediment, but that such a reduction may be accompanied by greater adolescent depression.