Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a behavioral intervention using an empirically supported motivation-based treatment combined with self-management procedures to target reciprocal social conversation skills. The intervention incorporated an empirically supported, motivation-based behavioral intervention for autism spectrum disorder—Pivotal Response Treatment.
Methods: A non-concurrent multiple baseline across participants time series research design was implemented with measures collected longitudinally to examine the effectiveness of a self-management intervention. Children and adolescents diagnosed with ASD and AS aged 5 to 14 participated in the study.
Results: The results indicate improvements in sustained conversation exchanges through increased elaboration of conversation topics and reciprocal question-asking or initiations were observed with the implementation of intervention.
Conclusions: Meaningful social conversation skills are an important area for intervention and theoretical research. Continued efforts to understand and promote the development of complex conversation skills through effective interventions are warranted.