Objectives: To assess joint attention skills through building social routine to elicit children’s request for social interaction in PMT.
Methods: Three children with autism (age 4-5) with 5 or less functional words received PMT once a week at university clinic session. Participants were assessed using the Early Social Communication Scale (ESCS) and the Japanese MacArthur Communicative Development Inventory (JCDIs) at pre- and post-intervention. In PMT, a participant requested other’s behavior in a social routine which could not be achieved by one. When the target behavior based on ESCS at pre-intervention increased its rate in PMT, it was gradually modified into more complex behavior.
Results: Preliminary results suggest that frequency and complexity of behavior request increased across PMT, as well as joint attention skills in ESCS increased.
Conclusions: The social routine in PMT made children with autism easier to predict what would happen next after their IBR as well as to show expectation toward other’s behavior.