Objectives: The objective of the present study is to replicate and extend previous research investigating the criterion-related validity of the PDD-BI. We expected the Adaptive sections of the PDD-BI to be correlated with developmental scores on the Vineland Adaptive Behaviour Scales, 2nd Edition, and the Mullen Scales of Early Learning; and the Maladaptive scores on the PDD-BI to be related to other autism diagnostic measures, the Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS; Schopler et al., 1988) and the DSM-IV criteria for Autism.
Methods: This study examined previously collected data from 63 children (55 boys; 8 girls) seen for a psychological assessment as part of a larger research study. Participants ranged between 2 years 7 months and 9 years 3 months (M = 4 years 6 months). Forty-six participants had been diagnosed with Autistic Disorder and 14 had received a diagnosis of PDD-NOS.
As part of the assessment, the Mullen was administered to each child and the Vineland-II was administered by interviewing parent(s). The CARS and DSM-IV diagnostic criteria were completed for each child by examiners conducting the assessment. Caregivers also completed the parent version of the PDD-BI.
Results: As predicted, the Adaptive scores on the PDD-BI were moderately correlated with the cognitive and adaptive scores. However, there were no significant correlations between the PDDI Maladaptive and Autism composite scores with the other diagnostic measures. In addition, results from independent samples t-tests indicated that PDD-BI scores did not differ by diagnostic group or gender.
Conclusions: The present findings are consistent with previous research confirming the criterion-validity for the Adaptive section of the PDD-BI, in that it was strongly correlated with the other cognitive and adaptive measures. However, the Maladaptive section and Autism summary score from the PDD-BI were not related to two other well established measures of autism severity, leading to questions around the validity of this section of the PDD-BI. Implications for the conceptualization of Autism and clinical implications will be discussed.
See more of: Clinical Phenotype
See more of: Symptoms, Diagnosis & Phenotype