ABA Parent Training in Spanish for Children with ASD
Objectives: The current study seeks to examine the feasibility and impact of a 10 week parent training intervention program conducted in Spanish, for Spanish-speaking parents of school-aged children with ASD.
Methods: This study was conducted at a clinical site where 75% of families were exclusively Spanish-speaking. Families were recruited who had at least one child with ASD, aged 6-8 years old. Nine families participated in the training program (n = 11 parents overall, with two spouses attending), which consisted of 6 group sessions, followed by 4 individual sessions. Sessions focused on teaching ABA terms, strategies, and application for issues with their own children. Families completed both parent and child measures before the training began (Vineland-II, Aberrant Behavior Checklist, Parent Stress Inventory, Home-Situations Questionnaire, etc.), including a diagnostic evaluation (ADOS-2 and KBIT-2) with their child. Throughout the intervention, ABC data and parent implementation efforts were recorded, and parents repeated the self-report surveys at the end of the training.
Results: Parent trainings are currently in session 5 of the 10 session sequence. Preliminary results suggest that the trainings have been appropriately adapted for the Spanish-speaking parents attending; the majority of parents have consistently attended sessions and report changes in their use of strategies as a result of participation. Participating children have a variety of behavioral challenges, and each family has successfully collected information on their child’s behavior. Longer-term effects on parent and child behavior, and social validity of trainings will be collected at completion.
Conclusions: It is important to consider adaptations needed for non-English speaking families with children with ASD. In this particular population, there was a wide variety of parent knowledge and advocacy, which is increasingly difficult with the language barrier. Additional resources are needed to better support non-English speaking families in ways that allow them access and information vital to their child’s success.