Objectives: The purpose of the current study was to investigate the effectiveness of selective archiving systems in identifying relationships between environmental events and problem behavior when operated by a caregiver in the home. Specifically, the accuracy of caregiver collected video and missed occurrences of the target behavior were investigated.
Methods: Continuous Recording and Flagging Technology (CRAFT) was developed for this study so that caregivers could signal when problem behavior occurred by placing a timestamp on continuously recorded footage. The timestamps were compared to the continuous footage to determine the accuracy of the data that would have been collected if a selective archiving system had been used. False positives were marked when a timestamp was placed on footage that did not indicate problem behavior in the previous window. False negatives were observed when problem behavior occurred in the absence of a timestamp. True positives were scored when the timestamps and trained observer data both indicated problem behavior occurred. Information was also collected in instances when the child was alone or out of the camera’s view.
Results: Results indicate that caregivers do not collect accurate data. True positive accounted for only 16% (range, 0% to 50%) of the indicated instances of problem behavior. False positives and false negatives occurred 22% (range, 0% to 50%) and 8% (0% to 21%) respectively.
Conclusions: Selective archiving systems have recently found their way into the commercial marketplace (Caring Technologies, 2010) and are becoming more widely available. Data from the current study indicate that, when provided minimal training, caregivers do not use these systems optimally. Future investigations should explore ways to improve the effectiveness of selective archiving systems.
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