Objectives: This study examined the relationship between SRS scores and parent reports of real-world social outcomes such as peer relations in a sample of high functioning youth with ASD. It was hypothesized that higher scores on the SRS (indicating higher social impairment) would be associated with poorer peer relations in this sample.
Methods: Data from 51 youth with high functioning autism (i.e., IQ >85) between the ages of 7 and 18 was utilized. All relevant data was collected between 2007 and 2012 from youth and parents participating in research in the Autism and Developmental Disorders Lab at Simon Fraser University in British Columbia, Canada. SRS raw score data was correlated with data from a brief parent questionnaire inquiring about the quality of their child’s peer relationships. Items on this questionnaire ask parents to rate how well certain statements, such as “gets along with his/her classmates” or “is ignored by peers at school”, describe their child on a 4 point scale (never, rarely, sometimes, often, or almost always).
Results: Results showed that SRS raw scores were significantly negatively correlated with parent-reports of social outcomes (r=-526, p<.001) among high functioning children with ASD. Using Cohen’s (1992) criteria, this qualifies as a large effect size.
Conclusions: Our prediction that higher scores on the SRS (indicating higher social impairment) would be related to poorer peer relations in a high functioning sample of youth with ASD was confirmed. These findings contribute further support for the SRS as a valid measure of social impairment among high functioning youth with ASD.
See more of: Clinical Phenotype
See more of: Symptoms, Diagnosis & Phenotype