Objectives: To explore the likelihood of high levels of anxiety in mothers of children with ASD and the influence of mothers’ coping style and intolerance of uncertainty.
Methods: To date, 37 mothers of children with ASD (mean age of children= 10.9 years, SD= 4) completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS; Zigmond & Snaith, 1983), the Ways of Coping Scae (WCS; Folkman et al., 1986) and the Intolerance of Uncertainty Scale (IOU; Freeston et al., 1994).
Results: 42% of mothers met the cut-off criterion for clinically significant anxiety. MANOVA was performed in order to examine whether there was a difference between potentially clinically anxious mothers and non-anxious mothers in terms of their IOU total scores and their use of problem- and emotion-focused coping strategies. There was a significant difference on the combined dependent variables (IOU total scores, problem-focused and emotion focused coping) (p= .003). When the results for the dependent variables were considered separately, it was shown that mothers who had elevated levels of anxiety had significantly higher intolerance of uncertainty scores (p= .003) and used emotion-focused style of coping (p= .005) significantly more than mothers who did not have elevated levels of anxiety.
Conclusions: Our findings suggest that a systematic study of factors that lead to the development of anxiety in mothers is needed in order to arrive at a more complete conceptualization of this problem.
See more of: Psychiatric/Behavioral Comorbidities
See more of: Symptoms, Diagnosis & Phenotype