Objectives: Examine the convergent validity of Mullen nonverbal scales with Bayley-III cognitive scales in a sample of toddlers age 2 years with ASD.
Methods: Participants were over 50 children in the Toddler Talk Project, a longitudinal study on language development of children with ASD. Children are seen yearly, starting at age 2 until age 5. ASD diagnoses were determined using full diagnostic evaluations that included the ADI-R and ADOS. The Mullen and Bayley-III were given at the same appointment at the 2-year-old visit.
Results: Preliminary results indicated strong correlations between the measures for nonverbal mental age; standard scores were not correlated. A significant number of children had differences in standard scores greater than 1 SD, putting them into a different qualitative score range on each measure. In almost all cases, standard scores on the Mullen were lower.
Conclusions: Nonverbal IQ has been identified as an important predictor of later functioning (Lord et al., 2006). It has important implications for research, as it often is used as a primary variable. Caution should be taken in interpreting nonverbal standard scores for toddlers with ASD using the Mullen or Bayley-III. Age equivalent scores showed good agreement.